1800 -1899 (Women)
1804
Sacagawea

Sacagawea, age 16 and pregnant, joins Lewis & Clark expedition as translator and guide.

1840
Catherine Brewer

Catherine Brewer became the first woman to receive a bachelor’s degree in the United States from Georgia Women’s College which is now Wesleyan College.

1844
Lowell Female Labor Reform Association (LFLRA)

Women from textile mills in Lowell, Massachusetts formed the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association (LFLRA). The organization led by Sarah Bagley, testified before the Massachusetts legislature that new requirements forcing them to tend more machines at accelerated rates were damaging their physical well-being.

1848
First Women’s Rights Convention

First Women’s Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls NY.

1849
Elizabeth Blackwell

Elizabeth Blackwell, first female Medical Doctor in US.

1866
Black Women Strike


Newly freed black women, working as laundresses in Jackson Mississippi, formed a union strike for higher wages

1868
Equal Pay for Equal Work

Equal Pay for Equal Work presented by National Labor Union.

1869
Daughters of St. Crispin

Women shoe stitchers from six states form the first national women’s labor organization, the Daughters of St. Crispin.

1869
Women’s Suffrage

First women’s suffrage law passed in WY.

1869
American Women Suffrage

Different views on racial equality for Black women split National Women Suffrage Association and American Women Suffrage.

1872
Victoria Claflin Woodhull

Victoria Claflin Woodhull is the first woman to run as a presidential candidate.

1874
Minor v. Happersett

Supreme Court denies women right to vote.

1879
Belva Ann Lockwood

Belva Ann Lockwood becomes the first woman lawyer to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.

1883
International Working Peoples Association (IWPA)

Lucy Parsons along with her husband Albert Parsons found the International Working Peoples Association (IWPA).

1888
United Garment Workers of America (UGWA)

The Knights of Labor, the first large scale national labor union admits women. Leonora O’Reilly, a member of the Knights of Labor, organizes a female chapter naming it United Garment Workers of America (UGWA).

1899
The National Consumer League

The National Consumer League, founded and sought to improve working conditions for women.