1900-1919 (Asian/Pacific Islander)
1900
Organic Act

Organic Act makes all U.S. laws applicable to Hawaii, thus ending contract labor in the islands.  Japanese Hawaiian plantation workers begin migrating to the mainland

1902
Chinese Exclusion Extended

Chinese exclusion extended for another ten years.

1903
Korean Immigrants

First significant group of 7,000 Korean immigrants arrive in Honolulu as contract laborers to break strike against Japanese workers. Koreans in Hawaii form Korean Evangelical Society.

1903
Pensionados

Filipino students (pensionados) arrive in the U.S. for higher education.

1903
Japanese Plantation Workers Strike

Japanese plantation workers engage in first organized strike in Hawaii.

1905
American Response to Asians

First Asian Indians arrive in U.S. as farm laborers. Chinese in the U.S. and Hawaii support boycott of American products in China. San Francisco School Board attempts to segregate Japanese schoolchildren. Korean immigration ends. Section 60 of California’s Civil Code amended to forbid marriage between whites and “Mongolians.”

1906
San Fransisco Earthquake


Major earthquake in San Francisco destroys all municipal records including immigration records, preventing Chinese immigrants from claiming they are U.S. citizens

1907
Executive Order 589

Japan and U.S. reach “Gentleman’s Agreement” whereby Japan stops issuing passports to laborers desiring to emigrate to the U.S.  President Theodore Roosevelt signs Executive Order 589 prohibiting Japanese with passports for Hawaii, Mexico or Canada to re-immigrate to the U.S.  First group of Filipino laborers arrive in Hawaii.  Asian Indians are driven out of Bellingham, WA

1908
Japanese Association of America

Japanese Association of America was organized as a new central body of local groups of Japanese. Asian Indians are driven out of Live Oak, CA.

1909
Korean Nationalist Association

Koreans form Korean Nationalist Association. 

1910
Angel Island Immigration Station

Administrative measures used to restrict influx of Asian Indians into California. Angel Island Immigration Station opens to process and deport Asian immigrants.

1912
Nisei Education

Japanese in California hold statewide conference on Nisei education.

1913
Alien Land Law encourages formation of Ghadar Party

California passes alien land law prohibiting “alien’s ineligible to citizenship” from buying land or leasing it for longer than three years. Asian Indians in California found the revolutionary Ghadar Party. Korean farm workers are driven out of Hemet, CA.

1914
Sessue Hayakawa

Sessue Hayakawa becomes first Asian to star in Hollywood film with release of The Typhoon.

1915
Central Japanese Association of Southern California and the Japanese Chamber of Commerce

Japanese form Central Japanese Association of Southern California and the Japanese Chamber of Commerce.

1918
Asian Servicemen Naturalization

Servicemen of Asian ancestry who served in World War I receive right of naturalization.

1919
Anna May Wong

Anna May Wong became first Asian American actress to premier in an American Film.

1919
Federation of Japanese Labor

Japanese form Federation of Japanese Labor in Hawaii.