1950-1959 (African-American)
Septima Clark

Septima Clark establishes “Citizenship Schools” preparing Blacks to be activists in the Civil Rights Movement; students included Rosa Parks.

Brown vs. Board of Education

Brown vs. Board of Education outlaws segregation in public schools.

Emmett Till

14-year-old Emmett Till murdered in Mississippi.

Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on bus, launches Montgomery Boycott.

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Dr. Martin Luther King rises to prominence as Civil Rights Leader, using non-violent protest.

Southern Christian Leadership Committee

Dr. King forms Southern Christian Leadership Committee (SCLC) as an organizing entity for the Civil Rights Movement.

Althea Gibson

Althea Gibson, an African-American tennis player, wins a Grand Slam (the French Championships) becoming the first black athlete to cross the color line of international tennis. By the end of her tennis career filled with “firsts”, she had won 11 Grand Slam tournaments: five singles titles, five doubles titles, and one mixed doubles title.