1980-1989 (Women)
1980
Valerie Thomas

African-American Valerie Thomas creates a 3d illusion transmitter, after experimenting with flat and concave mirrors.

1981
Sandra Day O’Connor

Sandra Day O’Connor becomes the first woman appointed to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court.

1982
Women Outnumber Men Graduates

First year more women than men graduated with bachelor degrees.

1984
Geraldine Ferraro

Geraldine Ferraro becomes the first female Vice-Presidential candidate representing a major political party.

1986
Oprah Winfrey

Oprah Winfrey becomes the first African American woman to host a nationally syndicated talk show.

1986
Patricia Bath

African-American Patricia Bath invents the laserphaco probe, which helps to remove cataracts in the human eye more sufficiently.

1986
Women's History Month

The U.S Congress declares March as National Women’s History Month.

1987
Rita Dove

African-American Rita Dove wins the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry.

1987
Barbara Harris

African-American Barbara Harris is installed as the first woman bishop in the Episcopal Church.

1989
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen

Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, of Florida, becomes the first Latina to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.