Nat Turner, white man, leads slave rebellion in VA.
Congress bans the slave trade.
George Crum, a cook in Sarasota Lake, invents the potato chip.
Dred Scott Supreme Court decision- Blacks not citizens.
Civil War Erupts between North and South.
Emancipation Proclamation frees slaves.
Andre Reboucas invents the early prototype of the torpedo.
President Lincoln assassinated.
Blacks hold mass meeting Norfolk VA demanding equal rights and ballots.
Historically Black Colleges & Universities (HBCU) founded.
The 14th Amendment to the United States adopted, declaring all persons born in the U.S. are citizens regardless of race.
Joseph Rainey becomes the first African-American member elected to Congress.
Elijah McCoy invents the automatic lubricator.
Lewis Latimer creates a method for light bulb to shine brighter and last longer, thus patenting the first modern lightbulb.
Daniel Hale Williams, MD, opens Provident Hospital and Training School for Nurses, in Chicago. It is the nation’s first hospital with a nursing and intern program with a racially integrated staff.
Daniel Hale Williams, MD, an African American surgeon, performs one of the first successful open-heart surgeries.