Sam Houston and other investors offer to buy Texas from Mexico to expand slavery. Mexico refuses but does offer land grants on the condition of allegiance to the Mexican government and the non-ownership of slaves.
Alamo falls in Texas and becomes to rallying cry to fight Mexico for the territory.
Texas is officially annexed to the United States. Conflicts arise between Mexican government and US government over the official border of Texas and Mexico
The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican War. Under the treaty half the land area of Mexico including Texas, California, and most of Arizona and New Mexico and parts of Colorado, Utah, and Nevada is ceded to the United States. The treaty gives Mexican Nationals 1 yr. to choose U.S. or Mexican citizenship, approximately 75,000 Hispanic people choose to remain in the United States and become citizens.
People v. Hall rules that Chinese cannot give testimony in court against whites
U.S. and Japan sign first treaty.
California passes a law to bar entry of Chinese and “Mongolians.”
Chinese excluded from San Francisco public schools.
Japan sends its first diplomatic mission to U.S.
California imposes a “police tax” of $2.50 a month on every Chinese person.
U.S. and China sign Burlingame-Seward Treaty recognizing right of their citizens to emigrate.
Chinese laborers build most of the western section.
Naturalization Act bans Chinese from becoming citizens.
California’s Civil Procedure Code drops law barring Chinese court testimony.
Page Law in Congress bars entry of Chinese, Japanese, “Mongolian” contract laborers.
Court decision, re Ah Yup rules Chinese ineligible for naturalized citizenship.
California’s second constitution prevents municipalities and corporations from employing Chinese.
U.S. and China sign treaty giving U.S. the right to limit but “not absolutely prohibit” Chinese immigration.
Chinese Exclusion Act prohibits migration of new Chinese laborers for 10 yrs.
Chinese Six Companies sets up Chinese schools.
San Francisco builds segregated “Oriental School” in response to Mamie Tape case
Residents of Tacoma, Seattle and elsewhere in the American West forcibly expel Chinese people.
Chinese immigration to Hawaii ends.
Chinese laundrymen win in Yick Wo v. Hopkins case which declares a law with unequal impact on different groups is discriminatory.
Scott Act renders 20,000 Chinese reentry certificates null and void.
Chae Chan Ping v. U.S. upholds constitutionality of Chinese exclusion laws.
Geary Act requires Chinese residents of the U.S. to carry a resident permit