1960-1969 (Hispanic/Latinx)
1960
Cuba Trade Embargo

U.S. businesses in Cuba are nationalized without compensation; U.S. breaks off diplomatic relations with Havana and imposes a trade embargo.

1960
Chicano Movement

Young Mexican Americans participate in the struggle for Civil Rights and start the Chicano movement.

1961
ASPIRA

ASPIRA is founded to promote education of Hispanic youth by raising public and private sector funds.

1961
Juan Lozano

Juan Lozano patents the Rocket Belt.

1965
United Farm Workers

United Farm Workers (UFW) organizes the first successful Delano grape strike - the first national boycott for Hispanic workers - bringing national attention to the plight of some of the lowest paid workers in the country.

1965
Cubans Allowed to Immigrate

Fidel Castro allows Cubans to leave the island; a large influx of Cuban immigrants enters the U.S.

1967
Reies Lopez Tijerina

Reies Lopez Tijerina and members of Alianza take over a courthouse in New Mexico to protest violations of civil rights.

1967
Farm Labor Organizing Committee

Farm Labor Organizing Committee is formed in Colorado, Arizona, Texas, Washington and other states based on the UFW model.

1967
Luis Ferré

Voters reaffirm Puerto Rico Commonwealth status and elect pro-statehood leader Luis Ferré, leader as governor.

1968
Los Angeles Latino High School Student Walkout

Los Angeles Latino high school students walk out of classrooms to protest unequal treatment in schools. Three weeks later the school board bows to the student’s demands.

1968
Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund

Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund opens doors becoming the first legal fund to pursue the protection of civil rights of Mexican Americans.