Aimed at Japanese and Chinese immigrants in California, prohibits Asian farmers from owning, buying or leasing land.
Japan stops issuing passports to picture brides due to anti-Japanese sentiments.
The Federation of Japanese Laborers and Filipino Labor union join to demonstrate against the plantation.
Japanese farm workers driven from Turlock, CA.
Washington and Louisiana pass alien land laws.
Takao Ozawa v. U.S. declares Japanese ineligible for naturalized citizenship.
New Mexico passes alien land law.
Cable Act declares any American female citizen who marries “an alien ineligible to citizenship” would lose her citizenship.
U.S. v. Bhagat Singh Thind declares Asian Indians ineligible for naturalized citizenship.
Idaho, Montana and Oregon pass alien land laws.
Webb v. O’Brien rules sharecropping illegal because it is a ruse allowing Japanese to possess and use land.
Frick v. Webb forbids aliens “ineligible to citizenship” from owning stocks in corporations formed for farming.
Immigration Act denies entry to almost all Asians.
1,600 Filipino plantation workers strike for eight months in Hawaii.
Hilario Moncado founds Filipino Federation of America.