1970-1979 (African-American)
1971
Congressional Black Caucus formed
1973
Maynard Jackson

Maynard Jackson becomes the first African American Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia.

1974
Equal Education Opportunity Act

Congress passes the Equal Education Opportunity Act prohibiting discrimination based on race, color or national origin, and calling school districts to “take action” on language barriers that impede education, making bilingual education more widely available in public schools.

1975
Arthur Ashe

Arthur Ashe becomes the first African American to with the British Men’s Singles at Wimbledon.

1975
William Banks

William Venoid Banks becomes the first African American to own a television station when he launches WGPR-TV in Detroit.

1976
Barbara Jordan

Texas Congresswoman, Barbara Jordan becomes the first African American woman to deliver the keynote address at the Democratic National Convention.

1977
Roots

“Roots” is aired nationally. The final episode achieves the highest ratings to that point for a single television program.

1979
Hazel Johnson

Hazel Johnson becomes the first African American woman to be promoted to the rank of General in the U.S. Army.